Tuesday, February 22, 2011
The Arch of Titus, Rome, commemorating the Roman victory over the Jewish rebellion of 70 AD.
Augustus, the first Emperor of Rome, a statue known as the Augustus Primaporta.
Frieze from the Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace) showing members of the Imperial family.
The Pont du Garde, a bridge and an aqueduct, southern France, Roman
Apollodorus of Damascus, Markets of the Forum of Trajan, Rome
The Pantheon, Rome, exterior
The Pantheon, Rome, interior
--Apollodorus of Damascus
Read Chapter 9
The End of Pompeii
The city of Pompeii, south of modern Naples, ended suddenly in the year 79 CE in a catastrophic volcanic eruption. Mount Vesuvius, dormant for centuries, suddenly awoke and exploded, destroying the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, and leaving a massive crater where the mountain once stood.
Unknown thousands of people died in the eruption. Vesuvius buried Pompeii and the surrounding countryside under 13 to 20 feet of volcanic ash, boulders, and pumice. The city was so thoroughly buried and the landscape so altered that people forgot where the city was. Pompeii was not rediscovered until 1599. Excavations began 1748.
The airless dry volcanic ash preserved a lot of normally perishable items from the city, including the dead.
Mount Vesuvius rises on the horizon. The peak on the right is part of the crater rim left by the eruption of 79CE. Vesuvius was originally a much higher mountain before the 79CE eruption.
A computer animation of what the last day of Pompeii might have looked like.
It was long thought that the people of the nearby city of Herculaneum escaped since no human remains were found in its ruins. Recent excavations of what were once boathouses on the beach revealed the remains of hundreds of people caught by the eruption as they awaited evacuation.
Posted by Counterlight at 4:11 PM